Dental cervical abrasions are minor scratches or cuts on the surface of the teeth. They can be caused by a number of things, such as biting down on something hard, using your teeth to open a package, or grinding your teeth at night. Most dental cervical abrasions are not serious and will heal on their own within a few days. However, if you have a lot of abrasions, or they are causing pain or bleeding, you may need to see a dentist.
Abrasions that are seen at the neck of the teeth near gum line , a non carious tissue loss and mechanical wear of teeth due to external forces are called cervical abrasions
1. Improper brushing technique that is horizontal technique
2. Usage of a hard-bristled toothbrush, and/or aggressive brushing.
3. Other potential causes include using too much pressure whilebrushing
4. Tooth grinding (bruxism)
5. Using prosthesis that exerts force onto cervical margin of tooth structure
Preventive methods :
1. Brushing technique should be altered , a vertical or circular method of brushing should be followed
2. Use of tooth brush with soft bristles
3. Changing your tooth brush every 3 months
4. Correction of bite abnormalities
5. Night gaurds for people having cleanching habits at night
6. Using fixed prosthesis instead of removable
The symptoms of dental cervical abrasions can include mild discomfort or pain and sensitivity to hot or cold foods or beverages and a visible abrasion on the tooth neck surface. In some cases, the gums may be swollen or red around the affected tooth.
If left untreated, dental cervical abrasions can lead to further damage to the tooth enamel and may increase the risk of developing cavities and lead to pain or fracture near neck of the teeth.
Cervical abrasions can be treated by simple fillings when tissue loss is limited to enamel or dentine, if left untreated cavity gets deeper exposing nerve of teeth and causing pain which requires Root canal treatment and crowns
One way to prevent dental cervical abrasions is to avoid using a toothbrush that is too harsh. A person can also use a tooth paste that is specifically designed to reduce the likelihood of developing these types of abrasions. Additionally, it is important to brush in a circular motion and to use light pressure when brushing the teeth.
The takeaways for dental cervical abrasions are that they are a common type of oral injury, often caused by biting on something hard or by using the teeth to open something. They can also be caused by contact with an object or surface. Dental cervical abrasions can be painful and may bleed, and they can damage the teeth and gums.
The dental cervical abrasions post-treatment care is to avoid eating or drinking anything for at least 30 minutes. And usage of soft bristled tooth brush.If you have any further questions, please contact us we are here to help you .
The cost of a dental cervical abrasion treatment can vary depending on the severity of the abrasion and the location of the treatment.