Why Do Wisdom Teeth Need to Be Extracted?

Wisdom Tooth Extraction - Magnum Clinic

Wisdom teeth are the last set to develop and typically emerge between 17 and 25. For some individuals, wisdom teeth can erupt without causing any problems. However, in many cases, these molars can lead to various dental issues, necessitating their extraction. This article will explore why wisdom teeth often need removal and what individuals can expect during extraction.

What Are Wisdom Teeth?

Wisdom teeth are the third set of molars located at the back of the mouth. In ancient times, these teeth were crucial in chewing tough and coarse foods. However, as human diets evolved, the need for these teeth diminished. As a result, modern jaws often do not have enough space to accommodate these additional molars properly.

When Do Wisdom Teeth Emerge?

Wisdom teeth typically emerge during late adolescence or early adulthood, usually between 17 and 25. The eruption process can be painful and is often accompanied by swelling and discomfort in the gums.

The Problem with Impacted Wisdom Teeth

  • What Does It Mean to Have Impacted Wisdom Teeth?

Impacted wisdom teeth occur when the molars have insufficient space to erupt fully. As a result, they remain partially or fully trapped beneath the gum line. Impacted wisdom teeth can lead to various complications if left untreated.

  • Signs of Impacted Wisdom Teeth

Identifying impacted wisdom teeth can be crucial in preventing further dental issues. Common signs include persistent pain, swollen and tender gums, bad breath, and difficulty opening the mouth.

Common Reasons for Wisdom Teeth Extraction

  1. Overcrowding and Misalignment

One of the primary reasons for wisdom teeth extraction is overcrowding. When these molars attempt to emerge but lack adequate space, they can push adjacent teeth, disrupting the alignment of the entire dental arch.

  1. Infection and Gum Disease

Impacted wisdom teeth can create pockets between the gums and molars, providing a breeding ground for bacteria. This condition can lead to infections and gum disease, risking oral health.

  1. Cysts and Tumors

Now and again, wisdom teeth can foster growths or growths around them. The impacted teeth must be removed because these growths can cause damage to the surrounding bone and teeth.

  1. Decaying Wisdom Teeth

Due to their location at the back of the mouth, wisdom teeth can be challenging to clean properly. As a result, they are more prone to decay. Decayed wisdom teeth can lead to cavities and dental pain.

The Wisdom Teeth Extraction Process

  1. Preparing for the Procedure

Before the extraction, the dental specialist will lead an exhaustive assessment and take X-beams to survey the place of the insight teeth and decide the best game plan.

  1. The Surgical Extraction

The extraction process involves numbing the area around the tooth to ensure a painless procedure. In some cases, a surgical extraction may be necessary, where the dentist makes an incision in the gum to access the impacted tooth.

  1. Recovery and Aftercare

Following the extraction, adhering to the dental specialist's guidelines for appropriate aftercare is fundamental. This might incorporate the executives' agony, eating delicate food sources, avoiding exhausting exercises, and keeping the extraction site clean to forestall diseases.

5 Reasons Why Wisdom Teeth Need To Be Removed

Here are five common reasons why wisdom teeth often need to be removed:

Insufficient Space: The lack of space in the jaw is one of the primary reasons for wisdom tooth extraction. Many people's mouths are not sufficiently huge to appropriately oblige these additional molars. Subsequently, when shrewdness teeth arise, they can become affected, meaning they can't completely emit through the gum line. Affected insight teeth can prompt torment, enlarging, and even contamination.

Impacted Wisdom Teeth: As mentioned earlier, impacted wisdom teeth can cause a range of problems. When a wisdom tooth becomes impacted, it can grow at an angle, pressing against the adjacent teeth. This can cause crowding and misalignment of the teeth, which may undo the effects of previous orthodontic treatment.

Infections and Gum Disease: Wisdom teeth are located at the back of the mouth, making them challenging to clean properly. As a result, they are more susceptible to trapping food particles and bacteria, leading to gum disease or infections. These conditions can cause pain, swelling, and discomfort in the mouth.

Cysts and Tumors: Sometimes wisdom teeth can develop cysts or tumors around them. These growths can damage the surrounding bone and adjacent teeth. If left untreated, cysts and tumors can lead to more severe dental problems, necessitating the removal of the impacted teeth.

Decay and Cavities: Wisdom teeth are difficult to clean and can be challenging to monitor for signs of decay. Because they are located at the back of the mouth, reaching them with a toothbrush and floss effectively can be challenging. As a result, wisdom teeth are prone to developing cavities. Left untreated, cavities can lead to severe toothaches and potential infections.

Wisdom Tooth Extraction: Everything You Need To Know

Debunking Myths About Wisdom Teeth Extraction

  • It's Not Always Necessary

While not all individuals require wisdom teeth removal, it is a prevalent procedure due to the potential complications that may arise.

  • Wisdom Teeth Removal Is Painful

Dental technology and anesthesia advancements have made wisdom teeth extraction a relatively painless and comfortable procedure.

  • Only Older Adults Need Extraction

Wisdom teeth can cause issues for young adults as well. The best time for extraction is determined on a case-by-case basis, often based on X-ray evaluations.

Plaque Control: Tips, Techniques

Alternatives to Extraction

  • Monitoring the Wisdom Teeth

In some cases, if the wisdom teeth are not causing immediate problems, dentists may opt for regular monitoring and evaluation to ensure they do not lead to issues in the future.

  • Orthodontic Solutions

For cases where overcrowding is the primary concern, orthodontic treatments such as braces may be recommended to create enough space for the wisdom teeth to erupt naturally.


In conclusion, the extraction of wisdom teeth is a common dental procedure to prevent potential complications and maintain oral health. These third molars often pose significant problems due to their late eruption and insufficient space in the jaw. Impacted wisdom teeth can lead to pain, infections, gum disease, and even the development of cysts or tumors.

By removing wisdom teeth before they cause significant issues, individuals can avoid overcrowding, misalignment, and potential damage to adjacent teeth. The extraction process, while often feared, has become routine and relatively painless thanks to advancements in dental technology and anesthesia.

Regular dental check-ups are crucial for monitoring the development of wisdom teeth and identifying potential problems early on. Dentists can evaluate the need for extraction based on X-rays and the individual's dental history.

It is essential for individuals experiencing pain, swelling, or other symptoms related to their wisdom teeth to seek professional dental advice promptly. Ignoring these symptoms can lead to more severe complications and impact oral health.

Ultimately, the decision to extract wisdom teeth is made on a case-by-case basis, considering the individual's specific oral health needs and potential risks. By proactively addressing wisdom teeth issues, individuals can maintain a healthy and beautiful smile for years.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Can I Keep My Wisdom Teeth If They Don't Hurt?

While it's possible to keep asymptomatic wisdom teeth, they should be closely monitored to prevent potential issues in the future.

Are There Any Risks Associated with Wisdom Teeth Removal?

Like any surgical procedure, wisdom teeth extraction carries some risks but is generally considered low and manageable.

Is Wisdom Teeth Extraction Covered by Insurance?

In most cases, dental insurance may cover a portion of wisdom teeth extraction cost, depending on the individual's policy.

How Long Does It Take to Recover from Wisdom Teeth Removal?

Recovery time varies from person to person but usually takes about a week for the initial healing. Full recovery may take a few weeks.

Are All Impacted Wisdom Teeth Problematic?

Not all impacted wisdom teeth cause problems, but a dentist should evaluate them to determine if extraction is necessary.