Learn About the 5 Most Common Oral Diseases in Children (Plus How to Prevent Them)
A little bit of knowledge will help you become more aware of your kids’ oral health, including dental emergencies like a dental injury.
What probable oral diseases can your child encounter? What exactly can you do to prevent oral diseases in children?
We understand that these concerns may emerge in your mind. You can be confident that you will be able to keep your little one's gorgeous smile. You only need to read this blog to learn more about your child's dental difficulties.
Before delving deeper, let’s take a brief look at the importance of your kid’s oral health.
Importance of children’s oral health
According to a recent report, 85% of children in Dubai suffer from tooth decay by the age of 12 years. The survey also claims that 72% of children suffer from Gingivitis. Children's oral care must be started once the first milk teeth arrive. You need to wipe the gums of the babies after the first feeding. For children above the age of 7, flossing must be done at night to reduce cavity formation.
According to a specialist dentist at Magnum Clinic, “As a caring parent, you need to encourage your kid to have a tooth-healthy diet that includes green vegetables, dairy products, broccoli, etc. Also, you must ask your children to avoid frequent consumption of snacks like crackers and potato chips. It can remain in the crevices, which will lead to cavities. ”
Good teeth are essential for speech development, as they help children pronounce words and sounds correctly. However, if your kid’s teeth are damaged early due to dental issues, it can affect their self-esteem and confidence.
1. Cavities or tooth decay
Cavities are one of children's most common oral diseases. Most kids aren’t good at brushing and flossing without adult supervision. In tandem with the intake of a sugar-heavy diet, cavities may become a major issue later.
Once the teeth and gums get exposed to large amounts of sugar, acids, and starch, it will eat away the enamel. Besides, carbohydrate-enriched foods like soft drinks, cookies, and candy can leave deposits on teeth. It bonds with bacteria in order to form plaque. The amalgamation of plaque and deposits can damage the teeth’s mineral structure. Therefore, it will lead to tooth decay.
How can you protect your child’s teeth from decay?
- Brush your kid’s teeth once the first one erupts.
- Use only a tiny amount of toothpaste if your kid is less than 3 years old.
- Floss your child’s teeth regularly after age 2.
- Ensure a balanced diet for your child.
2. Gum decay or paediatric gingivitis
Gum diseases are not only adult dental problems; they can also occur in children. It causes inflammation, bone damage, and even tooth loss. Due to poor oral hygiene, gum disease has become more prevalent recently.
This begins with plaque, a sticky film of bacteria. At the early stage of this dental issue, the gums can bleed easily. Not only that, but it can also become swollen and red. This is known as gingivitis.
Gradually, it will lead to periodontitis. Your child’s teeth may need to be removed by a dentist to alleviate the oral pain, gum recession, and swelling issues.
How can you keep your kid’s gums healthy?
- Wipe your child’s gum with a clean cloth twice daily.
- Ensure deep cleaning of your kid’s teeth.
- Teach your kid to brush with pea-sized toothpaste twice daily.
- Use a "smear" of fluoride toothpaste twice a day from the time the first tooth develops until the age of 3. A pea-sized amount of fluoride toothpaste can be used once your child has reached the age of 3.
Read Also : Why Replacing A Missing Tooth Is Necessary
3. Tooth sensitivity
Sensitive teeth may be uncomfortable for your child, distracting him/her from focusing on the studies. Due to several factors, including acid erosion, teeth grinding, decay, and cracked teeth, tooth sensitivity can occur. Therefore, cold/hot food and beverages may cause severe pain and irritation to your kids as they expose the nerve endings.
How do I get rid of sensitive teeth in children?
- Teach your kid to brush twice a day.
- Ask your child to floss daily to keep the gums and teeth clean.
- Have the kid’s gums and teeth checked by a dentist.
- Use soft toothbrushes for your kid.
- Use toothpaste made for sensitive teeth.
4. Bad mouth odour
Due to improper oral hygiene maintenance, a foul smell inside your child’s mouth occurs. While they eat any food, the particles of that food remain present between the teeth. Over time, it leads to bacteria formation that causes bad mouth odour. It is also known as halitosis. A foul smell may impact your child's self-esteem.
What is the best remedy for your kid’s bad breath?
- Brush your kid’s teeth after they eat, especially after dinner.
- Brush the tongue.
- Encourage your child to have a healthy diet.
- Ensure that your child is drinking lots of water
- Take your kid to a dentist for a detailed check up
5. Excessive thumb-sucking
Many toddlers get accustomed to thumb-sucking to soothe their anxiety. This can develop an issue once your child grows up. It can affect teeth development by causing open bites. It is when the upper front teeth don’t adjust with the lower front teeth. Therefore, it leaves a gap even when the mouth is closed. Your child may face issues during biting, and chewing can even affect the normal flow of speaking.
What strategies can you take to help your kid quit their thumb-sucking habit?
- You can apply bitter nail polish on your kid’s fingers to discourage them from sucking their thumbs.
- Use a finger guard.
- You can use a hand stopper to prevent the child’s elbow from flexing.
- Establish boundaries and ask your kid to follow them.
- Bring your kid to the dentist.
We love your kid’s healthy smiles!
Woo! You just learned about the most commonly encountered oral diseases in children. The truth is that you are always one step further away from protecting your child’s teeth. Our specialists are also ready to take care of the dental needs of your little one. Do the best thing as a parent and schedule a dental appointment today!